Frontiers Guidelines for Authors


As the Editors of Frontiers, we envision our journal becoming the stage for clinicians who strive to break gridlocks in psychotherapy’s course. In the Mission Statement for Frontiers we say: “Clinicians’ observations from testing the rationale for their interventions, for one client and one treatment session at a time, are indeed the seed for ideas to update existing theories and for hypotheses to test experimentally.” We seek to publish articles with insights about how such gridlocks get broken, by authors from inside or outside our Society. We will ask authors to state the rationales for their interventions and improvisations and how their clients assessed/evaluated the benefit. Such rationale from everyday practice provides the rudiments for better theory. How self-change matters to clients, in turn, suggests how we should measure our interventions’ further development and maturation. 

In the Mission Statement, we emphasize one domain of clinical goals which, we believe, should be brought into the scope of psychotherapy more deliberately. It is the goal of discerning and remediating the psychological consequences of traumatic abuse and betrayal perpetrated by institutions and governments in particular, beyond the effect of betrayal in personal relationships. For example, we should explore what constitutes resilience for clients coping with institutional oppression and discrimination or with neglect by agencies designated to correct abuse in personal relationships. 

Types and Lengths of Articles

Clinician Reports. Frontiers publishes reports of clinicians’ experience from the treatment of clients with trauma-related disorders or form supervision of other clinicians. Reports may have a narrow focus, about just one complication of treatment, a strange development, having discovered an interesting exception to traditional clinical wisdom. We are interested in how clinicians make judgments, the conceptual bases for their interventions, and the criteria they use for success or failure. We welcome authors’ thoughts and cautions about possible mis-use or mis-application of their interventions. We encourage authors to be self-reflective in describing the development, application and maturation of their ideas for the interventions they describe, because we aspire to make Frontiers a means for the readers’ clinical education by means of sharing the authors’ reasoning. Authors are encouraged to keep the length of Clinician Reports at 6,000 words. 

Reviews of clinical practices. Frontiers welcomes thoughtful reviews that explain the development of a certain school of psychotherapy or the succession over time or the succession of competing schools. Reviews should illuminate the clinical problems that new practices were conceived to resolve. The recommended length of Reviews is 10.000 words. 

Commentaries. We welcome commentaries on a published article. Occasionally, we will invite commentaries for articles that were received with much interest. The recommended length for Commentaries is 1,500 words. 

Book reviews. We will publish book reviews written by invitation from the Editors. Therefore, we welcome recommendations for books to review from readers, authors and publishers. The recommended length for book reviews is 2,000 words. 

Letters to the Editors. Readers may write letters for publication in regard to the journal’s mission or priorities. Letters should not exceed 1,500 words. 

Since Frontiers is an electronic journal, the recommended length is a matter of keeping readers engaged, not of limited space. The recommended length includes all pertinent material, abstract, main article, references, etc. We may make an exception for longer articles in each category, depending on the reviewers’ comments about the relevance of the material included. 

Prior Publication

Submission of a manuscript to the Frontiers in the Psychotherapy of Trauma and Dissociation represents a certification on the part of the author(s) that it is original material, and that neither the manuscript or a version of it has been published elsewhere, is not being considered for publication elsewhere, and has been approved by each author. Any form of publication other than an abstract of less than 400 words constitutes prior publication. This includes portions of symposia, proceedings, books/chapters, invited papers or any types of reports, and electronic databases. Authors who submit a manuscript that is merely a variant of an article already published or already submitted for publication should provide the Editors with clarification of the extent of the overlap in content and the originality that justifies publication in Frontiers.


Authorship credit should be limited to those who have made substantial contributions to the article in terms of research of the literature, drafting and revising the manuscript. Individuals who contribute in ancillary roles should be recognized in an Acknowledgement. Editors may require authors to justify the assignment of authorship. Each author is responsible for errors and misrepresentations in an article, unless individual contributions are introduced by name. 

Client Informed Consent and Client Privacy

Authors must have written informed consent from any clients described in case study material. Authors must take steps to protect the identity of clients in case reports and elsewhere. Identifying information (e.g., names, initials, hospitals, dates) must be avoided or changed. Authors may find useful guidelines for protection of client identity in “Statements from the Vancouver Group, International Committee of Medical Journal Editors” in British Medical Journal 1991; 302: 1194. Authors submitting case study material will be required to complete a statement to the effect that they obtained their client(s)’ written consent for the publication and that the identity of the client(s) has been sufficiently disguised. 

Manuscript Format

Manuscripts must be prepared in a standard U.S. letter or A4 page format, double-spaced, with 1 inch or 3 centimeter margins on all sides. Text font should be proportional and with serif (e.g., Times New Roman 12 point font). Manuscripts should have the following order: Title page, abstract, text, references, tables and figures. Pages should be numbered beginning with the title page.

Title Page 
Title page must include, title; authors and degrees; location of the institution and place where the work was done; corresponding author’s name, address, telephone number, fax number, and e-mail address; word count; key words for index purposes; acknowledgments. 

The abstract must be a single paragraph of 100-250 words. 

The text should contain an introduction that describes the objectives of the article and a review of the relevant literature. Subsequent sections should describe the subject matter in more detail: experience of clinical impasse or lack of efficacy; history of seeking resolution, readings, consultations, clinical experimentation, method of appraising outcomes. The concluding section must speak about possible overlap with others’ work; intended refinements; consideration of empirical study; invitation of comments; conclusions. 

Citations and References 
For writing style and reference formats, the Journal uses the style of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (6th Edition, 2010). The Publication Manual of the APA may be obtained from the APA Order Department, P.O. Box 92984, Washington, DC, 20090-2984, USA, 

Citations in Text 
Use the author-date method within parentheses inserted into the text. 

  • Work by one author: (Putnam, 1989).
  • Work by two authors: (Cardeña & Spiegel, 1993). Cite both names every time the reference occurs in the text. Use no comma between authors.
  • Work by three, four or five authors: First text citation: (Van der Hart, Van Kijke, Van Son, & Steele, 2000). Use commas after all authors. Subsequent text citations: (Van der Hart et al., 2000).
  • Work by six or more authors: In all text citations, use only the surname of the first author followed by et al. and the year of publication, e.g., (Ross et al., 1992).
  • Organizations as authors: Spell out the name of the organization the first time it is cited in the text. The organization name may be abbreviated in subsequent in-text citations only if the abbreviation is listed with the spelled out name in the first citation. First text citation: (International Society for the Study of Dissociation [ISSD], 1997). Subsequent text citations – use either of two formats: (ISSD, 1997) or (International Society for the Study of Dissociation, 1997).
  • Works by the same author(s) within the same year: Use the suffixes a, b, c, etc. following the date to distinguish works by the same author(s) within the same year. The first work cited in the text will be “a”, the second work will be “b”, etc., e.g., (Coons, 1994a, 1994b).
  • If there are two or more multiple author citations with the same first author within the same year, cite the surnames of as many subsequent authors as needed to distinguish references, e.g., (Van der Hart, Nijenhuis et al., 2001; Van der Hart, Steele et al., 2001).
  • Order of citation: When citing two or more works within the same parenthesis, list them in alphabetical order by the surname of the first author. Separate citations by semicolons. If citing the same author(s) more than once, place works in chronological order by publication dates separated by commas. Example: (Allen, 1997; Allison, 1978; Chu & Bowman, 2000; Kluft 1985a, 1985b, 1986; Kluft & Fine, 1993; Michelson & Ray, 1996; Ross et al., 1992).9. Quotations: Citations for quotations must contain page numbers, e.g., (Van der Hart et al., pp. 35-36).

Reference List 
Consult the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association for formats of types of references other than those listed below. 

  • Journal article. Putnam, F.W., Guroff, J.J., Silberman, E.K., Barban, L., & Post, R.M. (1986). The clinical phenomenology of multiple personality disorder: Review of 100 recent cases. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 47, 285-293.Titles of and volume number journals should be italicized. Journal titles should have all important words capitalized.
  • Book. Putnam, F.W. (1997). Dissociation in children and adolescents. New York: Guilford Press.Titles of books should be italicized. Only the first word of book titles should be capitalized.
  • Edited Book: Kluft, R.P., & Fine, C.G. (Eds.). (1993). Clinical perspectives on multiple personality disorder. Washington, D.C.: American Psychiatric Press.
  • Book Chapter Goodwin, J. (1996). Childhood DID: The male population. In J.L. Silberg, (Ed.), The dissociative child (pp. 69-84). Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press.Page numbers must be included for book chapters.
  • Association Author: American Psychiatric Association. (2000). Statement on therapies focused on memories of childhood physical and sexual abuse. Washington, DC: Author.
  • Republished works: James, W. (1902/1961). The varieties of religious experience. London: MacMillan.
  • Formatting. Double-space all references. Please use a hanging indent format.
  • Authors. Please include all authors for each reference. Use commas after all authors except the last (including two author references).
  • Order of references. List references in alphabetical order by surname of first author. List multiple references by the same author(s) in chronological order from earliest to most recent publication date. List the sole-author works of an author before co-authored works.
Submission and Review Process

All manuscripts must be submitted on our submission website here. In addition authors will need to submit the Author Assurance form that can be found at: (to be determined). All submissions will be peer-reviewed by anonymous reviewers. Reviewers will provide written comments that will be sent to the authors by the Editors. We will inform authors about our decision after completion of the review process. In most cases, we will inform authors within eight to ten weeks following receipt of the manuscript as to the results of the initial review of their manuscripts. 

Copyright Transfer

Copyright ownership of manuscripts must be transferred to the Publisher (ISSTD) by signature of author(s) prior to publication. It is permissible for a single author to sign the copyright transfer form provided that the author is authorized by all co-authors to sign on their behalf. We will send copyright assignment forms to the corresponding author upon acceptance of a paper. Authors are responsible for obtaining permission to reproduce copyrighted material from other sources and are required to sign an agreement for the transfer of copyright to the publisher. As an author, you are required to secure permission if you want to reproduce any figure, table, or extract from the text of another source. This applies to direct reproduction as well as “derivative reproduction” (where you have created a new figure or table which derives substantially from a copyrighted source). All accepted manuscripts, artwork, and photographs become the property of the publisher. 


If you have any questions about the submission process, please email

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